Original Research 


Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India

Geeta G Gadad, Adavesh B Holeyache, Rajendraswami S Hiremath.

Abstract
Abstract:
Introduction: Trivrut (Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso) is a drug which is high in demand being an ingredient of many Ayurvedic formulations having wide range of indications, but reported to be adulterated.
Material & Methods: Trivrut samples were collected from five different markets viz Amritsar (Punjab), Belgaum (Karnataka), Bombay (Maharashtra), Neemuch (Madyapradesh), and Ernakulam (Kerala) named them as sample A, B, C, D, and E respectively. All the samples were analyzed for Organoleptic Characters, Physicochemical, Phyto Chemical, Florescence and TLC analysis.
Results - Organoleptic examination all the five samples showed varied features. Physico chemically Sample C showed high water and alcohol soluble extractives, whereas sample E showed least extractive values. All the samples exhibited presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids and glycosides. Only Sample B and E showed presence of flavonoids and steroids. In TLC maximum bands at 366nm were present in Sample E & B whereas minimum bands observed in Sample C and D.
Conclusion - All the samples showed different values in different parameters which indicates possibility of variation in botanical source of these samples and part of use traded. Among the five samples, Sample C has given physico chemical values near to the API standards, and TLC spots of Sample E match with the standards. This study can be further conducted by advanced analytical parameter (HPLC) with quantitative estimation of the marker compound and taxonomical identification.

Key words: Trivrut, Physicochemical analysis, Phytochemical analysis, TLC


 
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Pubmed Style

GGG, Holeyache AB, Hiremath RS. Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. AAM. 2022; 11(3): 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127


Web Style

GGG, Holeyache AB, Hiremath RS. Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. https://www.aamjournal.in/?mno=55127 [Access: November 22, 2022]. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

GGG, Holeyache AB, Hiremath RS. Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. AAM. 2022; 11(3): 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

GGG, Holeyache AB, Hiremath RS. Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. AAM. (2022), [cited November 22, 2022]; 11(3): 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



Harvard Style

, G. G. G., Holeyache, . A. B. & Hiremath, . R. S. (2022) Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. AAM, 11 (3), 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



Turabian Style

, Geeta G Gadad, Adavesh B Holeyache, and Rajendraswami S Hiremath. 2022. Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine, 11 (3), 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



Chicago Style

, Geeta G Gadad, Adavesh B Holeyache, and Rajendraswami S Hiremath. "Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India." Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine 11 (2022), 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Geeta G Gadad, Adavesh B Holeyache, and Rajendraswami S Hiremath. "Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India." Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine 11.3 (2022), 221-230. Print. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, G. G. G., Holeyache, . A. B. & Hiremath, . R. S. (2022) Comparative Physico Chemical and Phyto Chemical Study of Commercial Samples of Trivrut (Operculina Turpethum Silva. Manso.) from Herbal Drug Markets of India. Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine, 11 (3), 221-230. doi:10.5455/AAM.55127




Current Issue : 2022, Vol: 11, Issue: 3
E-ISSN : 2347-6923
ISSN : 2277-4092
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