Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine Service by

Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope News & Announcements


Review Article Open Access
AAM. 2012; 1(3): 95-101


Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases

Amit Bhardwaj, Shalu Verma Bhardwaj.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Oral diseases are major health problems with dental caries and periodontal diseases among the most important preventable global infectious diseases. Oral health influences the general quality of life and poor oral health is linked to chronic conditions and systemic diseases. The association between oral diseases and the oralmicrobiota is well established. Of themore than 750 species of bacteria that inhabit the oral cavity, a number are implicated in oral diseases. The development of dental caries involves acidogenic and aciduric Gram-positive bacteria (mutans streptococci, lactobacilli and actinomycetes). Periodontal diseases have been linked to anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella and Fusobacterium). Given the incidence of oral disease, increased resistance by bacteria to antibiotics, adverse affects of some antibacterial agents currently used in dentistry and financial considerations in developing countries, there is a need for alternative prevention and treatment options that are safe, effective and economical. While several agents are commercially available, these chemicals can alter oral microbiota and have undesirable side-effects such as vomiting, diarrhea and tooth staining. Hence, the search for alternative products continues and natural phytochemicals isolated from plants used as traditional medicines are considered as good alternatives. In this review, plant extracts or phytochemicals that inhibit the growth of oral pathogens, reduce the development of biofilms and dental plaque and reduce the symptoms of oral diseases will be discussed further.

Key words: Dental diseases, Herbs, Medicinal plants


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Amit Bhardwaj
Articles by Shalu Verma Bhardwaj
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 4953
Downloaded: 1180
Cited: 1


REFERENCES
1. Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, Estupinan-Day S, Ndiaye C. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2005; 83(9): 661–69. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
2. Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century— the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Program Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 2003; 31(Suppl. 1): 3– 24. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. Jenkinsonand HF, Lamont RJ. Oral microbial communities in sickness and in health. Trends in Microbiology 2005; 13(12):589–95. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Tichy J, Novak J. Extraction, assay, and analysis of antimicrobials from plants with activity against dental pathogens (Streptococcus sp.). Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 1998; 4(1):39–45. [DOI via Crossref]   
5. Badria FA, Zidan OA. Natural products for dental caries prevention. Journal of Medicinal Food 2004; 7(3):381–84. [DOI via Crossref]   
6. Park KM, You JS, Lee HY, Baek NI, Hwang JK. Kuwanon G: an antibacterial agent from the root bark of Morus alba against oral pathogens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2003; 84(2-3):181–85. [DOI via Crossref]   
7. Chung JY, Choo JH, Lee MH,Hwang JK. Anticariogenic activity of macelignan isolated from Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) against Streptococcusmutans. Phytomedicine 2006; 13, (4):261–66. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Prabu GR, Gnanamani A, Sadulla S. Guaijaverin—a plant flavonoid as potential antiplaque agent against Streptococcus mutans. Journal of Applied Microbiology 2006; 101(2): 487–95. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Didry N, Dubreuil L, Trotin F, Pinkas M. Antimicrobial activity of aerial parts of Drosera peltata Smith on oral bacteria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1998;60(1):91–6. [DOI via Crossref]   
10. Hu JP, Takahashi N, Yamada T. Coptidis rhizome inhibits growth and proteases of oral bacteria. Oral Diseases 2000; 6(5):297–302. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Bakri IM, Douglas CWI. Inhibitory effect of garlic extract on oral bacteria," Archives of Oral Biology 2005;50(7):645–51. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Moulari B, Lboutounne H, Chaumont JP, Guillaume, Millet J, Pellequer Y. Potentiation of the bactericidal activity of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir. (Hypericaceae) leaf extract against oral bacteria using poly (D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles: in vitro study. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 2006;64 (3):153–58. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Silva MLDA, Co´ýmbra HS, Pereira AC et al. Evaluation of Piper cubeba extract, (-)-cubebin and its semisynthetic derivatives against oral pathogens. Phytotherapy Research 2007; 21(5):420–22. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Nostro A, Cannatelli MA, Crisafi G, Musolino AD, Procopio F, Alonzo V. Modifications of hydrophobicity, in vitro adherence and cellular aggregation of Streptococcus mutans by Helichrysum italicum extract. Letters in Applied Microbiology 2004;38 (5):423–27. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Alviano WS, Alviano DS, Diniz CG, Antoniolli AR, Alviano CS, Farias LM et al. In vitro antioxidant potential of medicinal plant extracts and their activities against oral bacteria based on Brazilian folk medicine. Archives of Oral Biology 2008;53(6): 545–52. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. More G, Tshikalange TE, Lall N, Botha F, Meyer JJM. Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants against oral microorganisms. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2008;119(3):473–77. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Uzel A, Sorkun K, Oncag O, Cogulu D, Gencay O, Salih B. Chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of four different Anatolian propolis samples. Microbiological Research 2005;160 (2):189–95. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Feres M, Figueiredo LC, Barreto IM, Coelho MH, Araujo MW, Cortelli SC. In vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and propolis in saliva samples of healthy and periodontally-involved subject. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 2005;7(3):90–6. [Pubmed]   
19. Xiao J, Liu Y, Zuo YL, Li JY,L Ye L, Zhou XD. Effects of Nidus Vespae extract and chemical fractions on the growth and acidogenicity of oral microorganisms. Archives of Oral Biology 2006;51(9):804–13. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
20. Sato M, Fujiwara S, Tsuchiya H et al. Flavones with antibacterial activity against cariogenic bacteria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1996;54(2-3):171–76. [DOI via Crossref]   
21. Tsuchiya H, Sato M, Iinuma M et al. Inhibition of the growth of cariogenic bacteria in vitro by plant flavanones. Experientia 1994;50(9):846–49. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
22. Sato M, Tanaka H, Fujiwara S et al. Antibacterial property of isoflavonoids isolated from Erythrina variegata against cariogenic oral bacteria. Phytomedicine 2003;10(5): 427–33. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
23. Hwang JK, Chung JY, Baek NI, Park JH. Isopanduratin a from Kaempferia pandurata as an active antibacterial agent against cariogenic Streptococcus mutans. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 2004;23(4):377–81. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Hamilton-Miller JMT. Anti-cariogenic properties of tea (Camellia sinensis). Journal of Medical Microbiology 2001;50(4):299–302. [Pubmed]   
25. Sasaki H, Matsumoto M, Tanaka T et al.Antibacterial activity of polyphenol components in oolong tea extract against Streptococcus mutans. Caries Research 2004;38(1):2–8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
26. Razak FA, Othman RY, Rahim ZH. The effect of Piper betle and Psidium guajava extracts on the cell-surface hydrophobicity of selected early settlers of dental plaque. Journal of oral science 2006; 48(2):71–5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
27. Brighenti FL, Luppens SBI, Delbem ACB et al. Effect of Psidium cattleianum leaf extract on Streptococcus mutans viability, protein expression and acid production. Caries Research 2008;42(2):148–54. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
28. Esmaeelian B, Kamrani YY, Amoozegar MA, Rahmani S, Rahimi M, Amanlou M. Anti-cariogenic properties of malvidin-3,5-diglucoside isolated from Alcea longipedicellata against oral bacteria. International Journal of Pharmacology 2007;3(6) 468–74. [DOI via Crossref]   
29. Rukayadi Y, Kim KH, Hwang JK. In vitro anti-biofilm activity of macelignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt. against oral primary colonizer bacteria. Phytotherapy Research 2008;22 (3):308–12. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
30. Tsui VWK, Wong RWK, Rabie ABM. The inhibitory effects of naringin on the growth of periodontal pathogens in vitro. Phytotherapy Research 2008;22(3):401–06. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
31. Katsura H, Tsukiyama RI, Suzuki A, Kobayashi M. In vitro antimicrobial activities of bakuchiol against oral microorganisms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2001;45(11):3009–13. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
32. Sahni PS, Gillespie MJ, Botto RW, Otsuka AS. In vitro testing of xylitol as an anticariogenic agent. General dentistry 2002;50(4):340–43. [Pubmed]   
33. Bhattacharya S, Virani S, Zavro M, Haas GJ. Inhibition of Streptococcus mutans and other oral Streptococci by hop (Humulus lupulus L.) constituents. Economic Botany 2003; 57(1):118–25. [DOI via Crossref]   
34. Lee SS, Zhang W, Li Y. The antimicrobial potential of 14 natural herbal dentifrices: results of an in vitro diffusion method study. Journal of the American Dental Association 2004; 135(8):1133–41. [Pubmed]   
35. Groppo FC, de C´assia Bergamaschi C, Cogo K, Franz- Montan M, Motta RHL, de Andrade ED. Use of phytotherapy in dentistry. Phytotherapy Research, 2008;22(8):993–98. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

Herbal dentistry: A boon
The Saint 2015; 1(1): 8.

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj SV. Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. AAM. 2012; 1(3): 95-101.



Web Style

Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj SV. Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. www.scopemed.org/?mno=18432 [Access: September 22, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj SV. Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. AAM. 2012; 1(3): 95-101.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj SV. Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. AAM. (2012), [cited September 22, 2017]; 1(3): 95-101.



Harvard Style

Bhardwaj, A. & Bhardwaj, S. V. (2012) Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. AAM, 1 (3), 95-101.



Turabian Style

Bhardwaj, Amit, and Shalu Verma Bhardwaj. 2012. Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine, 1 (3), 95-101.



Chicago Style

Bhardwaj, Amit, and Shalu Verma Bhardwaj. "Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases." Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine 1 (2012), 95-101.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhardwaj, Amit, and Shalu Verma Bhardwaj. "Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases." Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine 1.3 (2012), 95-101. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhardwaj, A. & Bhardwaj, S. V. (2012) Role of Medicinal Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Dental Diseases. Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine, 1 (3), 95-101.



AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

(Review Guidelines)

Indexed In

Index Copernicus

Index Scholar

Google Scholar,

DHARA

DOAJ ( In Process)

Ayush Research Portal 

Directory of Research Journals Indexing (DRJI )

Universal Impact Factor (UIF)

Listed In

UGC approved journals list (2017)

The articles in Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

 



The articles in Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.